If you go through this list of 15 oldest buildings in the world, you will concur with everyone else that indeed old is gold. There are outstanding buildings that were built many decades ago and they still stand strong and sturdy. You will appreciate the work of the craftsmen who existed in that era and who used their skills to come up with structures that still stand to date, what makes me think out loud is the fact that when these buildings were built the word technology only existed in dictionaries. These buildings are beautiful wonders of the world, and many of them are currently used as historic centres i.e museums.
I wonder how much more the craftsmen could have done if they had the current technology we have in those days.
Here is the list of 15 oldest buildings in the world that you probably didn’t know of their existence.
15. Pyramid of Djoser ( Egypt).
This building is archaeological remains found in Saqqara, necropolis, Egypt that was built in 27 century BC as a mortuary for the burial of Pharaoh. The building is also known as step pyramid it is surrounded by ceremonial structures and decorations. It stands 62 meters tall.
Record have it that this building is the earliest large-scale cut stone constructions.
14. Barnenez, France
Barnenez is a Neolithic monument built about 4800 BC.It’s located in Plouezoc’h, Brittany, France. It’s known to be the megalithic monuments in Europe and also the oldest man-made structure in the world.
The structure is 72 meters long 25 m wide and 8 m high.
13. Great Pyramid of Giza. ( Egypt)
Also known as Pyramid of Cheops is the largest and the oldest of the three pyramids found in the Giza Pyramid complex bordering El Giza, Egypt. The building remains the oldest seventh wonder of the Ancient world and the only one to remain largely intact.
The most amazing thing about this structure is that the Egyptologists believe that the structure was built as a tomb over a 10 – 20 years period up to 2560BC.
Initially at 481 feet, the Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the whole world for 3800 years.
12. Knap Of Howar, Scotland.
Located on the island of Papa Westray in Orkney, Scotland the building is a Neolithic farmstead which is the oldest preserved stone house in North of Europe. It was constructed in 3700 BC.
The farmstead comprises of 2 adjacent rounded rectangular walled buildings with low doorways facing the sea.
11. Knossos, Greece.
Also known as Cnossus is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site. Because of the Roman coins that scattered everywhere this structure was identified as Bronze Age site.
The site was discovered around 1878 by Minos Kalokairinos, and the evacuation began in 1900 AD by archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans and his team. The site was used as ceremonial and political central of the famous Minoan civilization and culture.
10. The Santa Sophia, Istanbul.
Built in 537 AD has been a great monument and archaeological beauty for both Ottoman Empire and Byzantine. It has been used as a church, mosque and now a museum for the Turkish Republic.
9. Ggantija, Malta.
The building was constructed in 3700BC it’s also known as the Giant Tower a megalithic temple from the Neolithic on the great Mediterranean Island of Gozo. These temples are older than the Pyramids of Egypt. The temples have been existing for more than 5500 years and are the second largest manmade religious temples after Gobekii Tepe.
The temples are perceived as elements of the ceremonial site of a fertility rite and have been conserved as UNESCO World Heritage Site to date.
8. Parthenon, Greece.
The most beautiful temple to date is located in Athenian Acropolis in the beautiful country Greece. The temple was completed in 438 BC and was dedicated to the goddess Athena who was considered as a patron to the people of Athens.
This temple is considered as an enduring symbol of the Western civilization, Ancient Greece, and Athenian democracy.
7. Dhamek Stupa India
Dhamek Stupa is one of the oldest buildings in the world it’s located at Sarnath a few kilometers away from Varanasi in the great State of Uttar Pradesh in India.
It was built in 500 CE to replace an earlier building commissioned by the great Mauryan King Ashoka. It originated as circular mounds carefully encircled by large stones. The structure is 43.6 meters tall and has a diameter of 28 meters.
6. Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak – Bulgaria.
The Tomb have been in existence since the 4th century BCE, it’s part of a large Thracian necropolis. It compromises a funeral chamber and a narrow corridor decorated murals representing a Thracian couple at a ritual funeral feast. It has appeared on the popular list of UNESCO protected world heritage since 1979.
The murals are memorable for horses and gestures of farewell for the couples.The tomb is located around the ancient Thracian capital of Seuthopolis.
5. West Kennet Long Barrow, England.
The West Kennet is a Neolithic tomb or Barrow located in chalk ridge, Silbury Hill around 2 miles south of Avebury in Wiltshire, England.
Its construction began about 3600 BC, and it was in used until 2500 BC. It has been damaged by indiscriminate digging to recover dead bodies as the site was long used as a burial site.
4. Santa Sabina, Rome.
The Santa Sabina is a historical church located on the Aventine Hill in Rome, Italy. It’s considered as a mother church of the Roman Catholic order of the preachers. It’s perched on the Tiber river to the north and the Circus Maximus to the east.
The building was built by Peter of IIIyria a Dalmatian priest between 422 and 432 BC on the site of early imperial houses.
The structure is the oldest extant Roman basilica in Rome that has maintained its original architectural style and colonnaded rectangular plan.
3. Sanchi Stupa, India.
The Sanchi Stupa is without a doubt the oldest stone structure in India. It’s situated in the heart of Sanchi town in Raisen District of the beautiful State of Madhya, Pradesh, India. It was launched in the late 3rd century BCE by famous emperor Ashoka.
The Stupa was expanded to twice its original size during the rule of the Shunga. With its many tiers, it was considered as the symbol of Dharma the wheel of the law.
2. Theatre of Marcellus, Rome.
The Theatre of Marcellus is the most important used ancient open-air theater in Italy. It was built in the closing years of the Roman Republic. At the theater visitors and locals were able to watch performances of songs and dramas. Later the space theater was cleared by Julius Caesar who was killed before its construction began
The building of the theater came to an end in 13 BC, and it measured 111m in diameter the largest theater in Rome that hold a capacity of 11,000 to 20,000 audiences.
Currently, the upper floors of the structure are divided into multiple apartments, and its surroundings are utilized as the venue for summer concerts.
1. Proserpina Dam, Spain.
This structure is considered as the Roman gravity dam located in Bajados province, Extremadura Spain. It has been there since 1st or 2nd century AD. It’s believed to have been built as part of an infrastructure that was supplying the city of Emerita with water.
The local farmers still use this gravity dam for watering their crops.
The above is the great collection of what our ancient world gave us. In this piece, we have brought about the 15 oldest buildings in the world and apart from dating back since AD’s these structures are still amazing and so beautiful to the eyes to see.