This island dates back 88 million years ago due to certain geographical phenomena that led to its separation from the Indian subcontinent. It is strategically located on the East coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. Due to its diversity and species richness, this island is sometimes referred to as the eighth continent or the alternate world.

Interestingly, this island is a home to 250000 species of animals whereby, 70 % are nowhere else found in the world. Also, it is a home to over 14000 different species of plants 90% of which are endemic to the island. Also, Madagascar is the home to Toliara coral reef which is the third largest coral reef in the world.

3. Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei – 748,168sq.kmBorneo, Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei


Borneo Island lies in the mid part of the western part of Pacific Ocean. It is the only island in the world that it is governed by three states. These states include Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Interestingly, this island is the home to the oldest rainforest in the world. It is aged more than 130 million years.

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