Are you tired of spending a huge amount of money buying beef and milk from the store? You are not alone. The good news is there is another alternative. The best way to save yourself from paying a huge amount of money on milk and beef is through food independence; probably buying a few goats.
Yes, that’s right, there is no better way of saving a few bucks a year you spend on food and meat than rearing a few goats for yourself. You never know, it could even turn out into a huge business opportunity and you could be the supplier of milk and beef instead.
Thinking about the huge returns now huh? If your purpose for buying a goat is for meat or milk or maybe both, I got you covered. There are numerous goat breeds but not all of them can be reared for meat or milk. Below, we list the top 18 goat breeds that are best for milk and meat and easy to keep at home. Read on.
The Verata is one of the most popular goat breeds kept for meat in the world today. They are mostly found in Vera, Spain.
The Verata is a good example of a goat breed that adapts well in all climates making it easy for farmers to manage it. The Verata is easy to adapt and is very strong and durable.
These goats are usually characterized by their small size and dark or brown colors. Furthermore, if the goat is kept well, it can be bred prolifically giving birth to three kids in two years which is a great benefit to any farmer.
The Black Bengal goat is mostly found in Bangladesh, a rather poor nation. As the name suggests, the Black Bengal is usually dark in color.
These goats are usually short, have small to medium horns and ears on top of their head. These goats are bred for both meat and milk. The best part about this goats is that they are extremely easy to care and look after.
This goat can produce up to 11 kgs of meat at a time and their coat can weigh up to 20kgs. The coat and meat are some of the strongest attributes of this goat.
The Black Bengal has very lean and tender meat which is quite tasty making its meat a personal favorite for many people.
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The Nubian goat breed is a multi-purpose goat breed. This goat breed produces high quality, milk rich in nutrients as well as growing big enough making it suitable for meat production.
The Nubian males can grow up to 175 pounds. However, Nubians are more often used for meat than milk. To make them even larger for meat production, Nubians can be bred with Boers.
Probably the weirdest named goats in the world, the Tennessee Fainting Goat is named after its unique genetic imbalance. When this breed is shocked or amused, the goat’s muscles get jammed or locked making them fall down “fainting position”.
These goats are mostly used for breeding with other goats due to their small size and fainting problem. Nonetheless, these goats make soft and succulent meat that are a real delicacy.
As the name suggests, the Kalahari goat breed is mostly found in South Africa (Kalahari Desert). Having been bred in the desert, this goat was built to withstand dry climates while still managing to grow big.
These goats are very durable and are bred to withstand parasites and diseases in the area. The Kalahari are also notably good breeders as they can give birth to three kids in two years.
Their greatest attribute is that their meat is very lean, and tenderer than any other goat breeds making this goat breed one of the most preferred home breeds in the world.
The Rangeland is the most common goat breed in the world. In fact, 90 percent of goat meat in the industry comes from the Range Land.
These goats were first bred in Australia and a large number of them are still found there.
The Rangeland can live in some of the most extreme conditions hence, they are greatly preferred, and to add to that, they are low maintenance goats and can reproduce even in the driest of conditions.
Kikos are the easiest goat breed to keep at home. They are extremely stress-free and ideal for all kinds of weather even the harshest kind.
The name Kiko means meat since this breed is considered as a very heavy producer.
Kiko’s were first grown in New Zealand and have since been imported to a lot of countries. Thankfully, this goat can also be bred and grown all year.
The Boer breed is a South African native goat that is characterized by its Roman nose and long, hanging ears.
Though these goats have a gentle built, they are very strong and vigorous. Their breeding time falls in end January and September. The Boer is very advantageous since it is highly resistant to diseases. Other than that, the Boer produces very tasty and delicious meat.
The Spanish goat breed is the best breed for meat production in the world. Originating from Spain, this goat breed is built for travel and can withstand climates from many parts of the world.
Other than that, they are friendly goats and do not require much care hence making them great to have around at home. Spanish goats also are known as brush goats or scrub goats or hill goat or briar goats, or even wood goats in some parts of the world can be breed outside of their breeding season which is very convenient.
Sometimes called the “Golden Guernsey”, the Guernsey is one of the best dairy goat breeds. The Guernsey is popularly known for their golden beautiful coloring as well as rich and nutritious milk quality.
The Guernsey produces about 3.16 kg of milk per day that contains an approximate of 3.72 percent of butter fat. Though the Guernsey is an excellent dairy goat breed, it is not legal to import it into some countries such as the U.S.A.
The Sable goat is an adaptation of the Saanen breed. The Sable goat produces milk with a butterfat content of between 3-4 percent.
These goats can either be medium to large sized growing up to 145 pounds. The males can be distinguished from the females by length.
The females grow up to 30 inches while the male grows up to 32 inches. The Sable goats are characterized by their large ears and dark unusual colorings as well as short thin hair.
The Toggenburg is the oldest goat breed known. The Toggenburg is normally a medium sized goat that comes in an array of colors ranging from dark chocolate brown, fawn to brown with white markings.
This goat breed produced high quality and rich milk that is used to make cheese. Nevertheless, their milk contains a butterfat content of 3.3 percent.
The Saanen are the biggest dairy goat breeds in the world. This goat breed can grow up to 200 pounds.
They are also large milk producers, they can produce up to 1 gallon of milk per day which is rich and nutritious with an approximate butterfat content of 2.5 -3 percent fat.
These goats are also known to be very gentle hence can be used as pets. Their large size also prompts them to be used for meat production too.
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The Oberhasli goat breed also known as the “Swiss Alpine” having originated in Switzerland. This is another great goat for milking.
These goats are characterized by their rich black color or are bay in color with clear black spotting on their bodies.
The Oberhasli can be raised all year round and it produces rich and nutritious milk with a butterfat content of 3.6 percent.
As the name suggests, this goat breed originated in Africa and precisely in Nigeria. Though the Nigerian Dwarfs are tiny small goats, they are known for their great milk produce content.
These goats can give up to 3 – 4 pounds of milk a day. These goats can be raised all year long and produce milk with a rich butter fat content of approximately 6 percent. Unfortunately, the greatest downside with this goats is their difficulty to milk.
The Nubian is an old goat breed that was first bred in the 1920s – 1930s in England. These goats are great for producing rich dairy produce with an approximate 5 percent butterfat all year long. If fed well and well taken care of, these goats can produce 0.5 – 1.5 gallons of milk a day.
Nubians are also known as Anglo-Nubians, they are usually big goats with Pendulum like ears and a Roman nose. Though the Nubian is considered a seasonal breeder, it can produce all year long.
The La-Mancha goat breed has a great reputation. This goat is not only an excellent bred for milk but it is also friendly. These goats have a great personality and some people even keep them as pets.
The La-Mancha breed have a high milk temperament and therefore, they are known for producing rich dairy produce additionally, their milk contains a butterfat content of 4.2 percent.
These goats are characterized by their medium to large bodies with tiny ears. Though the La-Mancha is considered a great breed for milk, they have one drawback as they are seasonal breeders.
The Alpine is a French-bred goat commonly known as “French Alpine”. These goats are very easy to rare as they adapt a simple environment hence rearing them is very easy. Alpine goats range from a medium to a large size and they come in various patterns and colors.
Alpines are the world top best goats for milk and best for dairy farming. Their milk is very healthy and it contains 3.5 percent butterfat.
On the downside, though, Alpine goats are seasonal breeders so breeding other goats of its kind takes a while.
Goat milk is known for having less lactose than any other types of milk, hence easier for digestion especially for people with lactose intolerance, other than that, goat milk is nutritious.
Goat meat is also lean, tasty and healthy, for this reasons and many more goats are in high demand now more than ever. If you are in a dilemma about which goat breed you need to buy, you don’t need to anymore, the above list of the top 18 goat breeds for milk and meat should give you a purposeful starting point.