Rivers are water sources that play an important role in any country’s economy. River water carriers a lot of nutrition and it provides a habitable home and food to many other organisms.
Having a river passing through our nearby city is often a blessing to us not to mention the country we live in. Rivers create opportunities for a number of recreational activities such as fishing, boat rides, sight-seeing and even picnics.
Some of the rivers we are well familiar with might be outstandingly deep and most of us may be unaware of that. Today we are going to look at 18 of the Deepest Rivers in the world.
18. The River Severn
To start off our list is the Severn River in the UK. The Severn River is the longest river in the UK with a length of over 354 km.
This river covers a basin area of 4,409 square miles and has an average discharge of 107 m3/s. This river is mainly used as a source of transport.
17. The Shatt al-Arab – Euphrates
The Shatt al-Arab River is a river in the SouthWest Asia. This river runs through Syria, Turkey, and Iraq.
The river covers an area coverage of 884,000 km2 over a length of 3,590km. This river forms a confluence of the Tigris in the town of al-Qurnah and Euphrates.
16. The Yenisei River
The Yenisei River is the largest river flowing into the Arctic Ocean. The river rises in Mongolia the n flows through the northern region to the Yenisei Gulf which is located in the Kara Sea.
The river then proceeds on its course to drain a large part of its waters through the Central Siberia. The river covers a basin area of 2,580,000 km2 (996,144 sq mi) and a length of 5,540 km (3,442 mi) it is also native to over 55 species of fish.
15. Volga River
The Volga River flows through central Russia and covers a basin area of 1,380,000 km2, and a length of 3,645 km through its course.
The Volga River is the longest river in Europe mainly in terms of water flow and length. This river is viewed as the national river of Russia since its major part is in the country.
14. Sao Fransisco River
The Sao Francisco River is the 4th longest river in South America. It is found in Brazil an area of 641,000 km2 (247,491 sq mi) and a length of 3, 180km.
This river is rich in flora and fauna and is home to many species of birds and fishes. The Sao Fransisco River is known as the national integration due to its importance to Brazil.
13. The Purus River
The Purus River which derives its name from Peru acts as the main boundary between Peru and Brazil.
The Purus River is a tributary of the Amazon River and covers a basin area of 63,166 km2 as well as a length of about 3211 km and a notable water discharge of 8,400 m³/s.
12. The Madeira River
The Madeira River is one of the largest tributaries of the Amazon River. The Madeira River takes up about 15 percent of Amazon’s water.
This river flows through Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru and covers a basin area of about 1,485,200 km2 over a length of 4, 380 km.
11. The Salween River
The Salween River is one of the deepest rivers in the world. This river is found in Asia and more specifically in China.
The Salween covers a basin area of 324,000 km2 (125,100 sq mi) and runs through a length of 2,815 km. The river gets its name from the people living around the area. The Salween River is the 2nd largest flowing river in South East Asia.
10. The Mississippi River
The Mississippi River flows all over the U.S and is the greatest geological physical wonder in the North America. This river is 2300 miles long and flows at an average of 3 miles per hour along its course as it passes New Orleans.
The name Mississippi River comes from Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning “Great River”. The river ranks as the 9th largest river in the world and 4th longest. Other than that, this river has three parts the lower, upper and middle Mississippi, the lower part of the Mississippi drains from the Ohio to Gulf Mexico.
9. The Saint Lawrence River
The Saint Lawrence River is in the middle lines of North America, this river originates at the northeastern end of Lake Ontario and drains into the Atlantic Ocean draining over 30,000 Sq. mi (77.700 Sq. km) of the Great Lakes Basin.
The river covers a basin area of 1,344,200 square km, out of which 839,200 square km is in Canada and 505,000 square km in the U.S.A.
8. The Hudson River
The source of the Hudson River is in the Adirondack Mountains of New York – Lake Tear of the Clouds on the southwest side of Mount Marcy, New York’s highest peak that is mainly from the north towards the south.
This river acts as a political boundary between New Jersey and New York. Its basin covers 36,260 square km and is 315 miles (507km long)
7. The Yellow River
The Yellow River, also known as the Huang He, and formerly known as the Hwang Ho, is the second largest river in China after the Yangtze River. It is also the 6th largest and longest river in the world with an estimated length of 5,464 kilometers and its average discharge is said to be 2,110 cubic meters per second.
The river is mainly notable for the huge amount of silt it carries. The river is called yellow because of it perennial color in the lower part, which comes from erosion of soil which is carried downward.
6. The Amazon River
The Amazon River is the second longest river in the world after the Nile River and the largest river in terms of water flow.
The Amazon constitutes 20% of the global pour by any river in an Ocean. The river covers a basin area of 7,050,000 square km which is approximately 1/5th of the word’s total river flow.
5. The Mekong River
Depth – 100 meters (328ft)
The Mekong River is the 5th deepest river in the world, the largest and longest river in the South-east Asian region, the 7th longest in the whole of the Asian region and the 12th longest river in the world.
This river is 4,350kms long and its basin covers 795,000square km. beyond that, this river encompasses a rich area of biodiversity in the world which includes 20,000 plant species, an estimated 850 fish species, 430 mammals, 800 reptiles, and amphibians as well as 1,200 birds.
4. Zambezi River
The Zambezi is notably the 4th largest river in Africa and drains its water into the Indian Ocean. This river covers a basin of 1,390,000 square kilometers (540,000 Square meters) and a length of, 540-kilometre.
This river starts in Zambia and then flows through Angola, along with the borders of Namibia, Botswana, then back to Zambia, then to Zimbabwe, and lastly to Mozambique, where it empties into the Indian Ocean. The river is the main source of hydroelectric power for Zambia and Zimbabwe through the Kariba dam, it is also a tourist attraction site due to its Victoria Falls.
3. The Danube River
The Danube River is the 2nd longest river in Europe after the Volga River. The Danube River flows through the central and eastern Europe. This river is classified as an international waterway since it flows through 10 countries and 4 capital cities and along the frontier of the Romab empire.
The river starts from Germany and pours into the Black Sea. The Danube River covers a basin of 817,000 square km and has a length of 2860km.
2. The Yangtze River
The Yangtze River is known as the Chang Jiang in Chinese, which means “Long River”, is the 3rd longest river in the world and the longest river in China and Asia. The Yangtze River is the 6th largest river in the world according to pour volume and covers a basin of 1,808,500 km2. This river flows through many notable cities of china and different landscapes including valleys, rain forests, deserts, Ice masses and the Rocky Mountains.
This river plays a crucial role in the country’s economy, culture, and history. It generates about 20% of the country’s GDP through tourism, electricity generation, as well as flood protection and water conservation.
1. The Congo River
The deepest river in the world is the Congo River also known as the Zaire River. The Congo River is the deepest river in the world, 3nd largest river in Africa, and the 9th largest river in the world. The Congo River runs through the Congo rainforest in the heart of the African continent, it has a length of 4700kilometers and has a width in a range of 0.5 to 10 miles (0.8-16 km).
The river’s basin covers 4,014,500 square km, which is about 13% of total African landmass. The river has been an important means of transportation for many people in Africa for many years.
Rivers can be a subject of bewilderment especially if you get to learn facts about them that never crossed your mind. Some of the rivers in this list are quite deep and may be quite dangerous and not safe at all hence, they should either be avoided at all costs or great care should be taken.